Example 1: Analyze the beam shown in the figure that is subjected to a distributed load and a point force, use the matrix method of stiffness.

EI = Constant


a) Define the degrees of freedom and orientation of the element.


  • The beam is not subjected to axial load, therefore two degrees of freedom are defined at each node (shear and moment).
  • First we define the free degrees of freedom (green color).
  • Second, we define the restricted degrees of freedom (red color).
  • Finally, we define the orientation of the element.

b) Assemble the stiffness matrix of each element.

c) Assemble the stiffness matrix of the beam.

d) Partition of the sub matrix K₁₁.

e) Load vector analysis.

Element 1

Element 2

f) Displacement vector calculation. |DD| = |K ₁|⁻¹ * |Cc|

g) Calculation of reactions. |CD| = |DD| * |K₂₁|

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